Skin care treatment methods problem skin care

The skin is the largest organ of the human body. It protects the body from bacteria and viruses, shocks, friction, temperature changes, allergens, and negative environmental influences. It is also involved in the synthesis of vitamin D and is an organ of touch.

The skin is exposed to huge loads every day. Most of all “gets” the face, because it, unlike other parts of the body, can not be protected by clothing. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of the skin at any age.

This will preserve not only its health, but also its aesthetic appearance. If she is naturally flawless, then proper care will support her condition. The quality of problem skin can be significantly improved by taking care of it daily.

Of course, for maximum effect, you need the help of a professional-cleansing, caring, and rejuvenating activities. To do this, you can contact an experienced cosmetologist, who will carefully study the condition of your skin.

Direct you to the necessary studies and select the optimal procedures based on their results. However, home facial care is still necessary – it will help maintain the result.

Skin types
There are 4 types of skin:

Normal-medium thickness and density, has an even color, is tolerant of temperature changes and other negative environmental influences, is not prone to the development of inflammation, does not have a greasy shine, the pores are small.


Dry-thin, matte, has an increased sensitivity, often dries up, since the activity of the sebaceous glands is small, often flakes and is irritated, signs of aging in some cases appear after 25 years.


Fat-dense, thick, with enlarged pores and increased sebum production, often has a greasy shine, is subject to the appearance of comedones (black dots and white closed cystic formations) and acne, but looks young longer than other types.
Combined-combines 2 types at once, for example, in some areas it is fat (dry), in others it is normal.


Facial skin care

For normal skin, standard cleansing, toning, hydration, and nutrition are sufficient. Dry skin needs more hydration and nutrition than other types. The means for it should be chosen soft, non-irritating. With oily skin, it is important to pay great attention to cleansing and matting. To do this, you need to use.

General rules and stages of care

Each type of skin needs an individual approach. However, there are rules that are equally relevant for all types. Daily skin care should consist of the following steps:

  1. Purification.
  2. Toning.
  3. Hydration and nutrition.
  4. Cleaning up

Cleaning up

The skin is cleansed twice a day. The evening treatment will free the skin from dirt and remove makeup. At night, tissue regeneration is carried out. Cell division occurs 8 times faster than during the day. Sweat accumulates on the surface of the skin, containing toxins. It also needs to be washed off.

Morning cleansing consists of washing your face with a mild detergent: foam or gel. Do not use soap, it dries the skin! In the evening, you must first treat your face with a cotton sponge with cleansing milk, two-phase lotion or micellar water (even if you do not wear makeup), and then wash your face.

Important! During washing, pay attention not only to the face, but also to the neck. After water treatments, the skin is not wiped, but gently blotted with a towel, reducing the risk of microtraumas and sprains. The face should remain slightly moist – this will facilitate the penetration of the tonic into it.

Toning up

Many people skip this stage, considering it optional. In fact, the tonic removes the remnants of dirt, restores the acid-base balance of the skin and prepares it for the effects of the cream: moisturizing and nourishing products will “work” more effectively.

The tonic is applied to a cotton sponge and rubbed on a slightly damp face along the massage lines, not forgetting about the neck. Also, such funds are released in the form of sprays. A similar product is sprayed on the skin of the face and neck, massage with the fingertips, and then remove the remnants of the spray with a dry sponge.

Help! It is necessary to tone the skin in the same way as to wash – in the afternoon and in the evening.

уход за кожей лица

Skin of any type needs both hydration and nutrition. The main part of the nutrients and fluids it receives from the inside of the body. However, it is necessary to influence it from the outside.

Help! Most of the cosmetic products designed for home care, do not penetrate into the skin on the epidermis (the uppermost layer). This does not mean that creams are absolutely useless, and you need to stop using them.

Acting in the upper layers of the skin, they accelerate the regeneration processes, protect the skin from the negative effects of the environment, slow down the aging process. However, the existing wrinkles will not get rid of, except that they will make them less noticeable.

Professional cosmetic procedures – biorevitalization, mesotherapy, injections of hyaluronic acid and botulinum toxin-based drugs-successfully cope with the already manifested signs of aging.

A parched cover can be neither healthy nor beautiful. After all, the skin is 72% water. As a barrier organ, it is the first to experience a lack of water in the body. Therefore, it is necessary to monitor the amount of liquid consumed. Clean water (excluding tea, coffee, juices, soups, etc.) should be drunk daily about 1.5-2 liters.

Elasticity.
Improved blood microcirculation, which improves the complexion.
High-quality outflow of lymph, which avoids the occurrence of edema.
Assimilation of nutrients-water acts as a” conductor”, and the nutrients are absorbed only when the normal fluid content in the tissues.


Normalization of metabolic processes-the liquid is their direct participant.
Activation of all skin functions, including the synthesis of collagen and elastin, necessary for the firmness and elasticity of the skin.


In addition to the correct drinking regime, it is necessary to use high-quality moisturizers. It is quite common to believe that oily skin does not need to be moisturized. However, this is not the case – it needs it no less than other skin types.

The most effective moisturizers contained in creams are:

  • Hyaluronic acid.
  • Glycerin.
  • Extracts of medicinal plants and seaweed.
  • Urea
  • Important! Some refuse to moisturize the face in the cold, because they are afraid that the liquid from the cream applied before leaving the house will freeze in the cold, which will lead to cracks on the skin. In fact, the liquid from cosmetics quickly penetrates the skin and warms up to its temperature. In winter, you can not give up moisturizers. At this time of year, the skin needs them even more than in summer, because due to temperature changes when leaving a warm room on a cold street, it quickly loses moisture.

Nourishing products provide the skin with:

Regeneration: Without enough nutrients, this process slows down significantly.
Protection – when using nourishing cosmetics, a film is formed on the surface of the skin, protecting it from the negative effects of the environment.
Rapid elimination of toxins.
Aesthetic appearance.
The essential skin nutrients contained in cosmetic products are::

  • Vitamins (A, E, C, group B) and minerals.
  • Lipids, Omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Amino acids.
  • Essential oils containing a variety of biologically active substances.
  • Help! If you use two different products, then it is better to apply a moisturizing one in the morning, and a nourishing one in the evening. Nowadays, “2 in 1” creams are produced that provide the skin with high-quality hydration and nutrition at the same time. This product can be applied both in the morning and in the evening.

Choose a cream by skin type is recommended not only according to the inscriptions on the labels of the products, but also after consulting with a cosmetologist. Manufacturers of creams and serums are focused on the” average ” buyer. The cosmetologist will take into account all the individual nuances when selecting the products.

The cream is applied to the skin according to certain rules:

In the morning, an hour before leaving the house, in the evening-an hour before bedtime.
Before applying to the face, the cream is warmed in the hands to body temperature – so it will have a more active effect.
The product is applied to the skin of the face and neck, bypassing the area around the eyes (special products are intended for these areas).
If after 20 minutes there is excess cream on the face, they are removed with a paper napkin.
The product intended for the area around the eyes is applied with the ring fingers. They exert the least pressure on the skin, thereby reducing the risk of stretching the cover.

Advice! It is recommended to choose day creams with SPF-factor, because the increased exposure to ultraviolet light accelerates the aging process. It is necessary to protect the skin from the sun even in autumn and winter.