skin problems and diseases


Teenage Acne

Teenage acne is serious enough to be treated responsibly. Often behind them can hide serious diseases of the endocrine system, gastrointestinal tract, hormonal disorders, etc. Most people during puberty (at 12-15 years old) experience a hormonal surge. Due to the increased testosterone content in the blood of boys and girls, the sebaceous glands of the skin begin to work intensively.

As a result, the face becomes oily, blackheads (comedones) appear. Skin secretions clog pores if not properly cared for. It is no coincidence that acne appears on the face in adolescence. If you contact a specialist in a timely manner, it will be possible to normalize the situation.

Teenage Acne – A Result of Hormonal Surge Treatment for teenage acne can be done at home. Therapy should be prescribed exclusively by a specialist. Many make a number of mistakes that only exacerbate the problem.

Those who believe that teenage acne cannot be removed and that it will go away on its own by a certain age is wrong. Another mistake is to seek advice from loved ones or friends. What has helped one person does not necessarily help another.

Only a dermatologist, after a thorough examination, will be able to diagnose and prescribe the appropriate treatment. What else cannot be done categorically is to try to squeeze out acne on the face of a teenager. Any manipulations should be carried out using antiseptics.

The skin is permeated with sebaceous and sweat glands, thanks to which natural thermoregulation in the body occurs. In addition, almost the entire human body is covered with hair and permeated with hair follicles.

This is a consequence of the increased production of sebum by the sebaceous glands and blackheads are nothing more than clogged sebaceous glands. Under the influence of sex hormones, production increases and the composition of sebum changes, there is an accelerated division and rejection of the epithelium in the upper part of the hair follicles, the outflow of sebum is disturbed, comedones are formed, which can undergo a reverse development or turn into nodules and pustules.

The composition of the diet can significantly affect the severity of acne in a teenager. A high incidence of acne is associated with a diet rich in sugary desserts and drinks, with a predominance of flour and fat-rich foods.

It has also been proven that the consumption of chocolate leads to an increase in the number of rashes – both papules and pustules, and comedones. The influence of whole milk on the severity of clinical manifestations was revealed.

Milk contains growth factors (both synthetic, added to feed, and natural) and casein, which affects the patient’s own hormonal profile. Questions about the need and nature of dietary restrictions are resolved with each teenager individually, but there are general recommendations:

  • include more vegetables in the diet;
  • avoid fast food, whole milk and casein-containing foods, chocolate, saturated fat, trans fats, digestible carbohydrates, and foods with a high glycemic index;
  • eat regularly and correctly, monitor body weight.

Causes of occurrence

Teenage acne on the skin, in addition to hormonal changes, can be triggered by the following factors:

Unstable emotional and psychological background, characteristic of the emerging organism.
The pathological inflammatory process begins with the formation of a sebaceous plug in the duct of the gland. Sebaceous secretions are produced so much that they constantly accumulate in the excretory cavity, thicken and form subcutaneous infiltrates.
The appearance of acne in adolescents is usually influenced by the following factors:

  • genetic factors;
  • seasonal and climatic conditions;
  • restructuring of the hormonal background during puberty
  • diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal tract;
  • poor nutrition;
  • stress;
  • violation of the functioning of the endocrine glands;
  • improper skin care or lack of it: for example, abuse of powder,
  • foundation cream;
  • prolonged exposure to the sun.
  • Excessive sebum production leads to clogged pores. Also, the pores can be clogged with horny scales of the follicular duct, then a microcomedon is formed-closed or open (“black dots”).

Blockage of the duct of the sebaceous gland contributes to the termination of air access, from which bacteria multiply.

Often, the development of acne occurs during the period of hormonal surges in the body. There are also other common causes, such as:

Hormonal failure. At the time of sexual formation, the level of sex hormones in the body rises. This leads to a malfunction in the nervous system and increases the activity of the sebaceous glands, as a result of which, due to an overabundance of fat secretions, the pores are clogged, and rashes appear.

Beriberi. Deficiency of vitamin A and b vitamins, as well involve problems with the skin. Their lack of pointing to a wrong diet. Just these vitamins affect the stability of the glands and the renewal of processes in the skin cells.

The skin is prone to greasiness. The fat content of the epidermis can be affected by genetic factors and hormonal disruptions that increase the production of sebaceous secretions.

Demodicosis. Demodex is an intradermal tick that lives in almost any person. However, the favorable environment for its activation is excessively oily skin and increased hormone levels.

Tips for acne treatment

Common pubertal acne does not require serious therapy. However, it is not only a dermatologist who treats her, he may advise a teenager to seek help from a nutritionist. The dietitian will analyze the teen’s diet, and then remove from it all products that provoke comedogenicity, for example, sweets, carbonated drinks, chocolate, hot spirits such as coffee and tea, river fish, seaweed, and foods that are high in iodine. When treating mild to moderate acne, it is best to combine topical products with a thorough daily facial.

There are several rules for keeping the skin in aesthetic condition: Treatment begins with cleanliness. Every day, morning and evening, you need to wash with special skin products designed to combat teenage problems.

Washing your face removes sweat and dust, which are the main causes of blackheads. Read more: Acne retinoids for face preparations. You can also wash your face with soap and a sponge. First you need to wash your hands, then lather the sponge with foam and massage your face. Wash off foam with water. Skin toning perfectly cleanses pores.

Pimples become smaller and smaller in size. There are creams that normalize the activity of the sebaceous glands. They usually contain zinc, tea tree oil, which will speed up healing. The diet should contain a lot of foods with vitamins A and B.


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